Eggheads scramble to defend and denounce new US dietary guidelines

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The US government has removed indicated caps on cholesterol consumption in a victory for an egg industry keen to dissociate its product from heart disease

The egg lobby won a major victory this month, though it was a quiet one. Nearly 30 years after the supreme court ruled that egg producers could not claim there was no risk of heart disease links with consumption of their product, the Obama administrations new dietary guidelines went a lot easier potentially over easy on eggs.

The new guidelines have removed indicated caps on cholesterol consumption, though they do say that people eat too much protein in general. Eggs are very cholesterol-dense, and the US egg industry has long tried to shake its association with heart disease.

Some physicians are skeptical of the joint decision by the US Department of Agriculture( USDA) and the Department of Health and Human Service.

The moronics, said J David Spence of the University of Western Ontario, who has helped develop several widely used diagnostic technologies for the therapy of strokes. Its a big mistake.

Spence said the removal of restrictions on dietary cholesterol was the result of years of lobbying by the egg industry.

After the main industry trade association was convicted by the nations highest court of false advertising in 1977, it and many other producers of comestibles that had been said to have some adverse effect began to develop surveys of its own.

The American Egg Board( AEB ), an industry body appointed by the USDA, sought surveys that distanced its product from increased risk of heart disease and diabetes. So did the private industry body, the US Poultry& Egg Association( USPEA ). The AEB also recently attacked Hampton Creek, a small startup that manufactures a supposedly healthier alternative to mayonnaise, a plant-based product called Just Mayo.

Some experimentations suggest that variability of dietary cholesterol may not increase CVR[ cardiovascular risk] in the context of RET[ resistance workout training ], concluded one such 2008 study, led by Texas A& M scientist Chang Woock Lee and underwritten by the USPEA. Many other, similarly money surveys offer proof that eggs are not merely reasonable but healthy.

Outside industry-funded surveys, believing has changed. Last year Harvard Health Publications summed up published research with a consumer-friendly article, in which it said many of its related scientists believed an egg a day was reasonable. The recommendation of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee agreed.

Meta-analyses of studies done over day on dietary cholesterol, however, seem to suggest different. A study from last year in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, for example, analyzed 40 other rigorous surveys published between 1979 and 2013. It found that dietary cholesterol statistically significantly increased both serum[ blood] total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein( LDL) cholesterol.

The discrepancy between research saying eggs do not have an effect on cholesterol and research saying they do might boil down to a single phase at the bottom of the findings in that AJCN metanalysis: Increases in LDL cholesterol were no longer statistically significant when intervention doses surpassed 900 milligrams per day.

Thats about five eggs.

Put patently, said Spence, the American diet already contains so much that could cause harm, its hard to measure the effect of a single potentially unhealthy food.

The problem is that in the United States diet is so bad its hard to prove that anything constructs it worse, said Spence.

According to the American Heart Association, he said, Fewer than 1% of all Americans have an ideal diet.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

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